Innovation in Energy Technology

Comparing National Innovation Systems at the Sectoral Level

image of Innovation in Energy Technology

This report reviews efforts under way in a number of OECD countries to advance innovation in energy technology, with a particular focus on hydrogen fuel cells. It compares energy innovation systems in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, the United Kingdom and United States to identify the roles of government, industry, universities and other public research organisations in the innovation process. It also examines the policies governments are implementing to finance needed research and development and to stimulate market demand for innovative energy technologies.



Synthesis of Main Findings

This report summarises the conclusions of a project on innovation in energy technology organised by the OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy. It forms part of a larger effort to compare innovation processes in different industry sectors to both provide guidance to policy makers on development of innovation policy and to more fully elaborate the national innovation systems approach to policy making. The report focuses primarily on innovation in hydrogen fuel cell technology, which was the subject of country studies prepared by experts from nine countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States. It also addresses innovation in oil and gas technologies, drawing on work done in France, Norway and the United States, which allows some ability for comparative analysis across national innovation systems and among innovation systems for different energy technologies.


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