Innovation in Energy Technology

Comparing National Innovation Systems at the Sectoral Level

image of Innovation in Energy Technology

This report reviews efforts under way in a number of OECD countries to advance innovation in energy technology, with a particular focus on hydrogen fuel cells. It compares energy innovation systems in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, the United Kingdom and United States to identify the roles of government, industry, universities and other public research organisations in the innovation process. It also examines the policies governments are implementing to finance needed research and development and to stimulate market demand for innovative energy technologies.



Italy: Fuel Cells

Italy has been active in the area of fuel cells for many years. It pursues efforts to develop both stationary fuel cells for power supply and mobile fuel cells for transportation uses. This chapter reviews innovation activities related to fuel cells in Italy. It identifies the main factors that motivate government interest in fuel cell technology, outlines the role of the main institutional actors in the innovation system and describes several important activities that link the public and private sectors in the processes of research, development, demonstration and deployment of fuel cells.


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