Innovation in Energy Technology

Comparing National Innovation Systems at the Sectoral Level

image of Innovation in Energy Technology

This report reviews efforts under way in a number of OECD countries to advance innovation in energy technology, with a particular focus on hydrogen fuel cells. It compares energy innovation systems in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, the United Kingdom and United States to identify the roles of government, industry, universities and other public research organisations in the innovation process. It also examines the policies governments are implementing to finance needed research and development and to stimulate market demand for innovative energy technologies.



Germany: Fuel Cells

Fuel cells are of major importance for Germany because of their potentially broad application in the automotive sector, which forms a core element of Germany’s economy and global competitiveness). The opportunities for a generally cleaner and more secure supply of energy they offer are of similar importance. Fuel cells and the prospects of a hydrogen society correspond to the concern for the environment in the German society. These two aspects together with the scarcity of primary energy resources in Germany and the perceived risks of nuclear power have led to giving the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency high priority on the political agenda.


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