Innovation in Energy Technology

Comparing National Innovation Systems at the Sectoral Level

image of Innovation in Energy Technology

This report reviews efforts under way in a number of OECD countries to advance innovation in energy technology, with a particular focus on hydrogen fuel cells. It compares energy innovation systems in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, the United Kingdom and United States to identify the roles of government, industry, universities and other public research organisations in the innovation process. It also examines the policies governments are implementing to finance needed research and development and to stimulate market demand for innovative energy technologies.



France: Fuel Cells

This report provides a short discussion on the contents and limits of the concept of hydrogen and fuel cell innovation system in general and within France, and offers some hard facts on the current status of development of hydrogen energy and fuel cells in France. In particular it focuses on PACo, the public/private partnership that has been established for this technological field.2 The report uses a sectoral approach to describe and assess the French fuel cell and hydrogen energy innovation system. This approach combines two components: the national innovation system and the specific technical regime of the given sector/industry (Malerba, 2002). It is difficult to decide which one of these components is more important; however, it was assumed that the French hydrogen and fuel cells sector is mainly influenced by institutions and policies relating to the French national innovation system, and that technical characteristics of the sector are of lesser importance.


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