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Innovation and the Development Agenda

image of Innovation and the Development Agenda

Innovation drives long-term economic growth. It has a crucial role to play as global economies recover from the current financial crisis. This book examines the role of innovation in developing countries, with a focus on Africa. It investigates innovation systems and their application; the key role of knowledge in innovation for development; and the importance of comparable country studies and official statistics on innovation. It stresses the need for innovation to become part of a comprehensive development agenda, and makes recommendations for promoting activities in both the formal and informal sectors, with the aim of transforming agriculture into a knowledge-based industry capable of stimulating economic growth.

Innovation and the Development Agenda is an important component of the overall OECD Innovation Strategy, which seeks to create stronger and more sustainable growth, while addressing the key global challenges of the 21st century. It is also part of the Innovation, Technology, and Society programme of IDRC. For more information on IDRC programmes see www.idrc.ca.

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Knowledge Policy for Development

This chapter presents a conceptual framework for innovation policy in developing countries, starting from a distinction between innovation systems in which actors are linked and a knowledge ecology in which the connections between actors are weak or absent. The approach distinguishes between the requirements of middle-income and least developed countries and considers the best ways to search for relevant areas of progress in science and technology, the means to advance the knowledge ecology, and the emergence of multiple innovation systems.

English

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