Innovation and the Development Agenda

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Innovation drives long-term economic growth. It has a crucial role to play as global economies recover from the current financial crisis. This book examines the role of innovation in developing countries, with a focus on Africa. It investigates innovation systems and their application; the key role of knowledge in innovation for development; and the importance of comparable country studies and official statistics on innovation. It stresses the need for innovation to become part of a comprehensive development agenda, and makes recommendations for promoting activities in both the formal and informal sectors, with the aim of transforming agriculture into a knowledge-based industry capable of stimulating economic growth.

Innovation and the Development Agenda is an important component of the overall OECD Innovation Strategy, which seeks to create stronger and more sustainable growth, while addressing the key global challenges of the 21st century. It is also part of the Innovation, Technology, and Society programme of IDRC. For more information on IDRC programmes see www.idrc.ca.

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Facilitating North-South Knowledge Sharing: Conditions for Enhanced Knowledge Flows

This chapter discusses framework conditions needed to enhance North-South knowledge flows through the transfer of intellectual property, trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). These conditions include mechanisms for investing in human capital, outwardoriented trade policies and FDI policies that do not discriminate against local firms. As well as investing in education, science and technology, and R&D to enhance absorptive capacity for knowledge transfer, needs are identified for technological infrastructure, socioeconomic infrastructure, productive capacity and a national orientation, including transparent regulation, low risk and support for entrepreneurship. Specific incentives for FDI are also discussed.


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