Improving Framework Conditions for the Digital Transformation of Businesses in Kazakhstan

image of Improving Framework Conditions for the Digital Transformation of Businesses in Kazakhstan

In recent years, Kazakhstan has developed a comprehensive digital government system and begun to create the legal and regulatory conditions for the digital transformation of the country’s economy. The digitalisation of the private sector requires further improvements in framework conditions, such as reliable access to broadband services, quality and affordability of networks, and digital security for businesses.

Based on recent OECD work on digital framework conditions, this report examines the legal and operational environment that is holding back the digital transformation of private firms in Kazakhstan. The report suggests three sets of actions: (1) addressing the remaining Internet quality and connectivity gaps, notably by mobilising the regional public sector to improve the quality and density of networks, and by expanding the inclusion of the private sector in the policy-making process; (2) improving competition in, and the investment attractiveness of, the telecom sector by setting-up an independent national telecom regulator, and by developing a targeted investment attraction strategy to prepare for deployment of next-generation communication networks; and (3) adapting the regulatory and policy framework for firms adapting to new digital challenges and raising their awareness of digital security.

English Also available in: Russian

Way forward

Since 2013, Kazakhstan has been developing an ambitious digitalisation agenda. However, a large number of businesses, particularly SMEs, have not yet started their digital transformation. This report has assessed the remaining gaps in the digital framework conditions that would allow firms to do so and developed some actionable policy recommendations in cooperation with the government of Kazakhstan.

English Also available in: Russian

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