How's Life in the Digital Age?

Opportunities and Risks of the Digital Transformation for People's Well-being

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This report documents how the ongoing digital transformation is affecting people’s lives across the 11 key dimensions that make up the How’s Life? Well-being Framework (Income and wealth, Jobs and earnings, Housing, Health status, Education and skills, Work-life balance, Civic engagement and governance, Social connections, Environmental quality, Personal security, and Subjective well-being). A summary of existing studies highlights 39 key impacts of the digital transformation on people’s well-being. The review shows that these impacts can be positive as digital technologies expand the boundaries of information availability and enhance human productivity, but can also imply risks for people’s well-being, ranging from cyber-bullying to the emergence of disinformation or cyber-hacking. In sum, making digitalisation work for people’s well-being would require building equal digital opportunities, widespread digital literacy and strong digital security. Continued research and efforts in improving statistical frameworks will be needed to expand our knowledge on the many topics covered in this report.



How's life in the digital age in Turkey?

Compared to other OECD countries, Turkey has been exposed to limited opportunities of the digital transformation, while experiencing relatively high risks. While Internet access rates are slightly above the OECD average, a relatively high share of people do not use the Internet, with 65% of the population having used the Internet in the last 12 months, compared to an OECD average of 84%. The inequality of Internet uses is very high, which means that while a small minority has embraced a wide range of the possibilities offered by the Internet, a majority of people does not use the Internet at all or for limited activities. In addition, the level of digital skills is substantially lower than in the rest of the OECD. Turkey’s limited performance in the realm of opportunities is accompanied by a high exposure to some risks. 43% of jobs in Turkey are at risk of automation, which is the third highest share in the OECD. In addition, more people in Turkey than in any other country reported having been exposed to disinformation online (note that this survey only covers Turkey’s online population). However, thanks to the limited spread of digital technologies, Turkey produces the least amount of e-waste in the OECD.



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