1887

Science and Technology: Key Tables from OECD

This table collection has been discontinued. Please consult data.oecd.org, our new beta platform, to find the new data source.

English French

Keywords: technology, research, telecommunication, science, development
.

2010 Gross domestic expenditure on R&D 2010

As a percentage of GDP

English French

Science and technology: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-843X - © OECD 2010

 Science and technology: Key tables from OECD

 Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
 As a percentage of GDP
 
 
 
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Australia
..
 
1.64
 
..
 
1.73
 
..
 
1.97
 
..
 
..
 
 
Austria
2.07
 
 c
2.14
 
2.26
 
 c
2.26
 
2.45
 
 c
2.47
 
2.54
 
2.68
 
 c,p
 
Belgium
2.07
 
1.94
 
1.88
 
1.86
 
1.83
 
1.86
 
1.90
 
1.92
 
 p
 
Canada
2.09
 
2.04
 
2.04
 
2.08
 
2.05
 
1.97
 
1.90
 
1.84
 
 p
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Czech Republic
1.21
 
1.20
 
1.25
 
1.25
 
1.41
 
1.55
 
1.54
 
1.47
 
 
Denmark
2.39
 
2.51
 
2.58
 
2.49
 
2.46
 
2.48
 
2.55
 
2.72
 
 c
 
Finland
3.32
 
3.37
 
3.44
 
3.45
 
3.48
 
3.48
 
3.48
 
3.73
 
 
France
2.20
 
2.23
 
2.17
 
2.15
 
2.10
 
2.10
 
2.04
 
 p
2.02
 
 p
 
Germany
2.46
 
2.49
 
2.52
 
2.49
 
2.49
 
2.53
 
2.53
 
2.64
 
 c
 
Greece
0.58
 
..
 
0.57
 
0.55
 
 c
0.59
 
0.58
 
 c
0.58
 
 c
..
 
 
Hungary
0.92
 
1.00
 
0.93
 
0.87
 
0.95
 
1.00
 
0.97
 
1.00
 
 
Iceland
2.95
 
2.95
 
 c
2.82
 
..
 
2.77
 
2.99
 
2.69
 
2.65
 
 p
 
Ireland
1.10
 
1.10
 
1.17
 
1.23
 
1.25
 
1.25
 
1.28
 
1.43
 
 p
 
Israel 1
4.60
 
4.59
 
4.32
 
4.26
 
4.37
 
 p
4.41
 
 p
4.76
 
 p
4.86
 
 p
 
Italy
1.09
 
1.13
 
1.11
 
1.10
 
1.09
 
1.13
 
1.18
 
1.19
 
 p
 
Japan
3.12
 
3.17
 
3.20
 
3.17
 
3.32
 
3.41
 
3.44
 
3.42
 
 
Korea
2.47
 
2.40
 
2.49
 
2.68
 
2.79
 
3.01
 
3.21
 
3.37
 
 
Luxembourg
..
 
..
 
1.65
 
1.63
 
1.56
 
1.65
 
1.58
 
 c
1.62
 
 p
 
Mexico
0.36
 
0.40
 
0.40
 
0.40
 
0.41
 
0.39
 
0.38
 
..
 
 
Netherlands
1.80
 
1.72
 
1.76
 
1.81
 
 c
1.79
 
 c
1.78
 
 c
1.82
 
1.75
 
 
New Zealand
1.14
 
..
 
1.19
 
..
 
1.16
 
..
 
1.21
 
..
 
 
Norway
1.59
 
1.66
 
1.71
 
1.59
 
1.52
 
1.52
 
1.65
 
1.62
 
 
Poland
0.62
 
0.56
 
0.54
 
0.56
 
0.57
 
0.56
 
0.57
 
0.61
 
 
Portugal
0.80
 
0.76
 
 c
0.74
 
0.77
 
 c
0.81
 
1.02
 
 c
1.21
 
1.51
 
 p
 
Slovak Republic
0.63
 
0.57
 
0.57
 
0.51
 
0.51
 
0.49
 
0.46
 
0.47
 
 
Slovenia
1.50
 
1.47
 
1.27
 
1.40
 
1.44
 
1.56
 
1.45
 
1.66
 
 
Spain
0.92
 
0.99
 
1.05
 
1.06
 
1.12
 
1.20
 
1.27
 
1.35
 
 
Sweden
4.17
 
..
 
3.85
 
3.62
 
3.60
 
3.74
 
3.61
 
3.75
 
 c
 
Switzerland
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.90
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.01
 
 
Turkey
0.54
 
0.53
 
0.48
 
0.52
 
0.59
 
0.58
 
0.72
 
0.73
 
 
United Kingdom
1.79
 
1.79
 
1.75
 
1.68
 
1.73
 
1.75
 
1.79
 
1.77
 
 
United States
2.72
 
2.62
 
2.61
 
2.54
 
2.57
 
2.61
 
2.66
 
2.77
 
 p
 
EU27
1.76
 
1.76
 
1.75
 
1.73
 
1.74
 
1.76
 
1.77
 
1.81
 
 p
 
OECD Total 2
2.23
 
2.20
 
2.20
 
2.17
 
2.21
 
2.24
 
2.28
 
2.33
 
 p
Last updated: 27 September 2010
Note:  Country specific footnotes are available at www.oecd.org/dataoecd/52/43/43143328.pdf
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Excluding Chile, Israel and Slovenia
National estimate or projection adjusted, if necessary, by the Secretariat to meet OECD norms
Provisional
Source: Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error