1887

Science and Technology: Key Tables from OECD

.

2013 Government researchers 2013/1

As a percentage of national total

English French

Science and technology: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-843X - © OECD 2013

Government researchers
As a percentage of national total
‌‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
Australia
10.4
 
..
 
10.0
 
..
 
8.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Austria
4.0
 
4.3
 
4.6
 
4.4
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
Belgium
6.8
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
7.3
 
Canada
5.5
 
6.1
 
5.8
 
5.8
 
5.6
 
6.3
 
6.4
 
..
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.95
 
9.44
 
5.54
 
5.37
 
..
 
Czech Republic
29.6
 
26.2
 
25.9
 
24.8
 
23.8
 
21.8
 
21.4
 
20.3
 
Denmark
8.7
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
4.0
 
3.2
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
Estonia
14.4
 
14.2
 
14.6
 
14.8
 
13.3
 
11.9
 
13.4
 
12.1
 
Finland
10.2
 
11.1
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.1
 
11.0
 
11.0
 
11.6
 
France
12.2
 
12.8
 
12.2
 
12.0
 
12.0
 
12.2
 
11.2
 
..
 
Germany
15.6
 
14.7
 
14.8
 
15.0
 
15.0
 
15.5
 
15.8
 
..
 
Greece
..
 
10.6
 
11.3
 
10.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Hungary
31.5
 
31.2
 
29.8
 
26.3
 
25.5
 
24.6
 
23.6
 
22.9
 
Iceland
..
 
23.3
 
22.0
 
20.8
 
20.8
 
19.1
 
..
 
..
 
Ireland
5.1
 
3.6
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
3.7
 
3.6
 
4.0
 
3.5
 
Israel 1
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Italy
19.8
 
17.5
 
18.8
 
18.6
 
..
 
16.4
 
16.9
 
16.4
 
Japan
5.2
 
5.0
 
4.9
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
4.9
 
..
 
Korea
7.8
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
6.6
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
..
 
Luxembourg
16.8
 
16.8
 
21.2
 
22.8
 
24.2
 
24.9
 
25.0
 
25.0
 
Mexico
17.0
 
15.0
 
20.2
 
19.3
 
21.3
 
19.3
 
19.4
 
19.8
 
Netherlands
16.0
 
14.7
 
13.4
 
13.7
 
13.8
 
14.5
 
13.0
 
12.7
 
New Zealand
..
 
13.9
 
..
 
14.4
 
..
 
14.5
 
..
 
..
 
Norway
16.0
 
16.3
 
15.6
 
15.9
 
15.4
 
16.9
 
16.9
 
16.9
 
Poland
21.0
 
19.6
 
20.9
 
20.9
 
20.9
 
21.6
 
21.0
 
21.6
 
Portugal
16.4
 
15.8
 
13.2
 
11.2
 
7.9
 
6.3
 
5.3
 
4.7
 
Slovak Republic
21.9
 
22.9
 
21.2
 
23.4
 
22.7
 
20.8
 
19.7
 
18.9
 
Slovenia
27.89
 
30.29
 
30.80
 
31.97
 
30.66
 
29.16
 
26.43
 
20.71
 
Spain
17.0
 
18.6
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
17.2
 
18.1
 
18.1
 
17.6
 
Sweden
4.8
 
5.5
 
5.5
 
4.3
 
3.5
 
3.2
 
3.8
 
4.3
 
Switzerland
1.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Turkey
11.1
 
10.9
 
11.0
 
9.7
 
9.2
 
9.9
 
9.5
 
..
 
United Kingdom
4.0
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
United States
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD Total
7.3
 
7.3
 
7.2
 
7.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 27 May 2013; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
Note: Country specific footnotes are available at http://www.oecd.org/sti/msti_2012_2_documentation_e.pdf
1.
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
c)
National estimate or projection
p)
Provisional
Source: Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error