1887

Science and Technology: Key Tables from OECD

.

2012 Government researchers 2012

As a percentage of national total

English French

Government researchers
As a percentage of national total
‌‌
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
Australia
..
 
10.4
 
..
 
10.0
 
..
 
9.0
 
..
 
..
 
Austria
..
 
4.0
 
4.3
 
4.6
 
4.4
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
Belgium
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.4
 
7.9
 
Canada
6.0
 
5.5
 
6.2
 
5.8
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
..
 
..
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.95
 
9.44
 
..
 
..
 
Czech Republic
30.6
 
29.6
 
26.2
 
25.9
 
24.8
 
23.8
 
21.8
 
21.4
 
Denmark
9.4
 
8.7
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
4.0
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
3.2
 
Estonia
15.8
 
14.4
 
14.2
 
14.6
 
14.8
 
13.3
 
11.9
 
13.5
 
Finland
11.3
 
10.2
 
11.1
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.1
 
11.0
 
11.0
 
France
12.7
 
12.2
 
12.8
 
12.2
 
12.0
 
11.9
 
12.3
 
..
 
Germany
14.4
 
15.6
 
14.7
 
14.8
 
15.0
 
15.0
 
15.5
 
15.5
 
Greece
13.7
 
..
 
10.6
 
11.3
 
10.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Hungary
31.2
 
31.5
 
31.2
 
29.8
 
26.3
 
25.5
 
24.6
 
23.6
 
Iceland
24.4
 
..
 
23.3
 
22.0
 
20.8
 
20.8
 
19.1
 
..
 
Ireland
5.5
 
5.1
 
3.6
 
4.1
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
Israel 1
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Italy
19.9
 
19.8
 
17.5
 
18.8
 
18.6
 
..
 
16.4
 
15.8
 
Japan
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
4.9
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
..
 
Korea
7.9
 
7.8
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
6.6
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
Luxembourg
16.7
 
16.8
 
16.8
 
21.2
 
22.8
 
24.2
 
24.9
 
25.9
 
Mexico
19.1
 
17.0
 
15.0
 
20.2
 
19.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Netherlands
17.5
 
16.0
 
14.7
 
13.4
 
13.7
 
13.8
 
14.5
 
13.4
 
New Zealand
11.7
 
..
 
10.6
 
..
 
11.5
 
..
 
11.2
 
..
 
Norway
15.9
 
16.0
 
16.3
 
15.6
 
15.9
 
15.4
 
16.9
 
16.9
 
Poland
22.6
 
21.0
 
19.6
 
20.9
 
20.9
 
20.9
 
21.6
 
21.0
 
Portugal
17.0
 
16.4
 
15.8
 
13.2
 
11.2
 
7.9
 
6.3
 
5.5
 
Slovak Republic
25.3
 
21.9
 
22.9
 
21.2
 
23.4
 
22.7
 
20.8
 
19.7
 
Slovenia
27.66
 
27.89
 
30.29
 
30.80
 
31.97
 
30.66
 
29.16
 
26.43
 
Spain
16.7
 
17.0
 
18.6
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
17.2
 
18.1
 
18.1
 
Sweden
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.5
 
5.5
 
4.3
 
3.5
 
3.2
 
3.8
 
Switzerland
..
 
1.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.9
 
..
 
..
 
Turkey
11.2
 
11.1
 
10.9
 
11.0
 
9.7
 
9.2
 
9.9
 
9.5
 
United Kingdom
4.4
 
4.0
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
United States
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD Total
7.3
 
7.3
 
7.2
 
7.2
 
7.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 29 March 2012
Note: Country specific footnotes are available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/21/22/49501885.pdf
1.
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
c)
National estimate or projection adjusted, if necessary, by the Secretariat to meet OECD norms
p)
Provisional
Source: Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics
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