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Science and Technology: Key Tables from OECD

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Keywords: technology, research, telecommunication, science, development
.

2010 Government researchers 2010

As a percentage of national total

English French

Science and technology: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-843X - © OECD 2010

 Science and technology: Key tables from OECD

 Government researchers
 As a percentage of national total
 
 
 
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Australia
..
 
11.0
 
..
 
10.4
 
..
 
9.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Austria
..
 
4.1
 
..
 
4.0
 
4.4
 
 c
4.6
 
4.4
 
4.4
 
 c,p
 
Belgium
6.0
 
6.5
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
7.3
 
 p
 
Canada
6.1
 
6.5
 
6.0
 
5.5
 
6.2
 
5.9
 
6.1
 
 c,p
..
 
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Czech Republic
32.3
 
29.6
 
30.6
 
29.6
 
26.2
 
25.9
 
24.8
 
23.8
 
 
Denmark
18.0
 
8.9
 
9.4
 
8.7
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
4.0
 
4.0
 
 c
 
Finland
12.3
 
11.9
 
11.3
 
10.2
 
11.1
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.1
 
 
France
12.9
 
12.9
 
12.7
 
12.2
 
12.8
 
12.2
 
12.3
 
..
 
 
Germany
14.6
 
14.7
 
 c
14.4
 
15.6
 
14.7
 
14.8
 
15.0
 
14.6
 
 c
 
Greece
13.8
 
..
 
13.7
 
..
 
10.6
 
11.3
 
 c
10.6
 
 c
..
 
 
Hungary
31.8
 
30.9
 
31.2
 
31.5
 
31.2
 
29.8
 
26.3
 
25.5
 
 
Iceland
22.8
 
..
 
24.4
 
..
 
23.3
 
22.0
 
20.8
 
20.8
 
 
Ireland
5.6
 
6.3
 
5.5
 
5.1
 
3.6
 
4.1
 
3.9
 
4.7
 
 p
 
Israel 1
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Italy
19.5
 
19.0
 
19.9
 
19.8
 
17.5
 
18.8
 
18.6
 
16.9
 
 p
 
Japan
5.0
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
4.7
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
 
Korea
8.8
 
8.0
 
7.9
 
7.8
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
6.6
 
 
Luxembourg
..
 
..
 
16.7
 
16.8
 
16.8
 
21.2
 
22.8
 
 c
24.2
 
 p
 
Mexico
..
 
..
 
19.1
 
17.0
 
 c
15.0
 
 c
20.2
 
19.3
 
..
 
 
Netherlands
14.9
 
17.8
 
20.6
 
16.4
 
 c
15.0
 
 c
13.7
 
 c
13.7
 
13.7
 
 p
 
New Zealand
15.1
 
..
 
11.7
 
..
 
10.6
 
..
 
11.5
 
..
 
 
Norway
15.4
 
..
 
15.5
 
15.6
 
15.9
 
15.3
 
15.7
 
15.1
 
 
Poland
18.9
 
25.9
 
22.6
 
21.0
 
19.6
 
20.9
 
20.9
 
20.9
 
 
Portugal
20.6
 
18.7
 
 c
17.0
 
16.4
 
 c
15.8
 
13.2
 
 c
11.2
 
8.2
 
 p
 
Slovak Republic
25.4
 
25.9
 
25.3
 
21.9
 
22.9
 
21.2
 
23.4
 
22.7
 
 
Slovenia
32.28
 
32.16
 
27.66
 
27.89
 
30.29
 
30.80
 
31.97
 
30.66
 
 
Spain
16.7
 
15.2
 
16.7
 
17.0
 
18.6
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
17.2
 
 
Sweden
4.9
 
..
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.5
 
5.5
 
4.1
 
3.7
 
 c
 
Switzerland
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.9
 
 
Turkey
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.2
 
11.1
 
10.9
 
11.0
 
9.7
 
..
 
 
United Kingdom
5.5
 
4.7
 
4.4
 
4.0
 
3.7
 
 c
3.5
 
 c
3.4
 
 c
3.5
 
 c
 
United States
3.7
 
3.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
OECD Total 2
7.6
 
7.6
 
7.3
 
7.3
 
7.3
 
7.2
 
7.2
 
..
 
Last updated: 27 September 2010
Note:  Country specific footnotes are available at www.oecd.org/dataoecd/52/43/43143328.pdf
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Excluding Chile, Israel and Slovenia
National estimate or projection adjusted, if necessary, by the Secretariat to meet OECD norms
Provisional
Source: Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics
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