1887

Science and Technology: Key Tables from OECD

.

2009 Government researchers 2009

As a percentage of national total

English French

Science and technology: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-843X - © OECD 2009

 Government researchers
 As a percentage of national total
 
 
 
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
 
Australia
13.2
 
..
 
11.0
 
..
 
10.4
 
..
 
9.7
 
..
 
 
Austria
..
 
..
 
4.1
 
..
 
4.0
 
4.4
 
 c
4.6
 
4.6
 
 c
 
Belgium
5.9
 
6.0
 
6.5
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
6.8
 
 p
7.1
 
 p
 
Canada
7.1
 
6.1
 
6.5
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
 c,p
6.3
 
 c,p
..
 
..
 
 
Czech Republic
31.9
 
32.3
 
29.6
 
30.6
 
28.6
 
25.3
 
25.0
 
23.8
 
 
Denmark
..
 
18.0
 
8.9
 
9.4
 
8.7
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
 c
 
Finland
12.9
 
12.3
 
11.9
 
11.3
 
10.2
 
11.1
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
 
France
15.2
 
12.9
 
12.9
 
12.7
 
12.2
 
12.8
 
12.1
 
..
 
 
Germany
14.6
 
 c
14.6
 
14.7
 
 c
14.4
 
15.6
 
14.7
 
14.8
 
15.3
 
 c
 
Greece
..
 
13.8
 
..
 
13.7
 
..
 
10.6
 
11.3
 
 c
10.6
 
 c
 
Hungary
32.3
 
31.8
 
30.9
 
31.2
 
31.5
 
31.2
 
29.8
 
26.3
 
 
Iceland
..
 
22.8
 
..
 
24.4
 
..
 
23.3
 
22.0
 
20.8
 
 
Ireland
8.7
 
 c
5.6
 
6.3
 
5.5
 
5.1
 
3.6
 
4.1
 
 p
..
 
 
Italy
21.7
 
19.5
 
19.0
 
19.9
 
19.8
 
17.5
 
18.8
 
..
 
 
Japan
4.8
 
5.0
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
4.7
 
4.6
 
 
Korea
10.7
 
8.8
 
8.0
 
7.9
 
7.8
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
 
Luxembourg
13.6
 
..
 
..
 
16.7
 
16.8
 
16.8
 
21.2
 
22.7
 
 p
 
Mexico
..
 
..
 
..
 
19.1
 
15.1
 
 c
13.6
 
 c
..
 
..
 
 
Netherlands
14.1
 
14.9
 
17.8
 
20.6
 
18.7
 
 p
17.3
 
 p
15.1
 
 p
15.5
 
 p
 
New Zealand
..
 
15.1
 
..
 
11.7
 
..
 
10.6
 
..
 
11.5
 
 
Norway
..
 
15.4
 
..
 
15.5
 
15.6
 
15.9
 
15.3
 
15.7
 
 
Poland
20.1
 
18.9
 
25.9
 
22.6
 
21.0
 
19.6
 
20.9
 
20.9
 
 
Portugal
21.2
 
 c
20.6
 
18.7
 
 c
17.0
 
16.4
 
 c
15.8
 
13.1
 
 c
11.1
 
 p
 
Slovak Republic
25.4
 
25.4
 
25.9
 
25.3
 
21.9
 
22.9
 
21.2
 
23.4
 
 
Spain
16.6
 
16.7
 
15.2
 
16.7
 
17.0
 
18.6
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
 
Sweden
..
 
4.9
 
..
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.5
 
5.5
 
4.1
 
 p
 
Switzerland
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Turkey
10.7
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.2
 
11.1
 
10.9
 
11.0
 
9.7
 
 
United Kingdom
9.3
 
6.0
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
 c
5.1
 
 c
4.8
 
 c,p
 
United States
3.7
 
3.7
 
3.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
OECD Total
8.1
 
7.6
 
7.6
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
7.3
 
..
 
Last updated: 12 November 2009
Note:  Country specific footnotes are available at www.oecd.org/dataoecd/52/43/43143328.pdf
National estimate or projection adjusted, if necessary, by the Secretariat to meet OECD norms
Provisional
Source: Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics
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