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Frascati Manual 2015

Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development

image of Frascati Manual 2015

The internationally recognised methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the OECD's Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians  and science and innovation policy makers worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling R&D statistics.  This updated edition contains improved guidelines reflecting recent changes in the way R&D takes place and is funded and the wider use of R&D statistics and definitions. It provides new chapters dedicated to the pratical aspects of collecting R&D data in different sectors, as well as new guidance on capturing different aspects of public support for R&D such as tax incentives.

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Brief History and Origins of the Present Manual

This annex provides a summary account of the six previous editions up to the current version of the Frascati Manual. It also acknowledges the contributions of the key individuals who helped make this a globally adopted standard. Those readers interested in consulting the original documents can find those on the manual’s website (http://oe.cd/frascati).

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