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Data-Driven Innovation

Big Data for Growth and Well-Being

image of Data-Driven Innovation

Today, the generation and use of huge volumes of data are redefining our “intelligence” capacity and our social and economic landscapes, spurring new industries, processes and products, and creating significant competitive advantages. In this sense, data-driven innovation (DDI) has become a key pillar of 21st-century growth, with the potential to significantly enhance productivity, resource efficiency, economic competitiveness, and social well-being.

Greater access to and use of data create a wide array of impacts and policy challenges, ranging from privacy and consumer protection to open access issues and measurement concerns, across public and private health, legal and science domains. This report aims to improve the evidence base on the role of DDI for promoting growth and well-being, and provide policy guidance on how to maximise the benefits of DDI and mitigate the associated economic and societal risks.

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The evolution of health care in a data-rich environment

This chapter examines how large and diverse health data sets are being used to improve population health and support patient-centred care, health system management, and human health research. Among the aspects considered are electronic health records, smart models of care, the role of social media and crowdsourcing. The chapter also looks at barriers that will need to be overcome to pave the way for widespread data-driven innovation (DDI) in the health sector, examining issues raised by the use of personal health data not discussed in previous chapters. It concludes with a list of success factors that will enable governments to provide the leadership needed to progress further toward data-driven health research and care.

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