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Commercialising Public Research

New Trends and Strategies

image of Commercialising Public Research

Public research is the source of many of today’s technologies from the GPS and MRI to MP3 technology. Public research institutions (PRIs) and universities are also an engine of entrepreneurial ventures from biotech start-ups to Internet giants like Google. Today, globalisation, open innovation and new forms of venture financing such as crowd funding are changing the way institutions promote the transfer and commercialisation of public researcher results.



This report describes recent trends in government and university level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research and benchmarks the patenting and licensing activities of PRIs and universities in a number of OECD countries and regions, including the EU, Australia, Canada, and the US.



Finally, it also showcases, based on case studies of leading institutions in Finland (Aalto Center for Entrepreneurship), Germany (Fraunhofer Institute), the Czech Republic (Technology Transfer Office of the Czech Technical University), Japan (open innovation in firms), United States (National Institutes of Health) a number of good practices for increasing the number of university invention disclosures, accelerate licensing contracts and promote more open innovation practices between universities and firms.

 

English

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Policies to enhance the transfer and commercialisation of public research

Within the past three decades, there has been a rise of initiatives by OECD member countries and public research organisations (PROs) to foster the transfer and commercialisation of public research results. This chapter sets out the context for the development of various initiatives, provides a taxonomy, and discusses recent trends, both at the institutional and governmental level. The strategies and policies reviewed include legislative initiatives, new bridging organisations, collaborative IP tools and patent funds, new technology transfer office (TTO) models, “open science” and “open research data” initiatives, monetary and non-monetary incentives to researchers to disclose and share research results, and initiatives to foster greater entrepreneurship in PROs.

English

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