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Attractiveness for Innovation

Location Factors for International Investment

image of Attractiveness for Innovation

Attractiveness for investment in innovation is high on the policy agenda in many countries as innovation is a key factor of growth and competitiveness in OECD countries. Virtually all governments are keen to attract international investment by multinational enterprises (MNEs) as a means to promote growth and employment, create new jobs and bring in new technologies.

While all countries and regions have some policy measures in place that are aimed at increasing their attractiveness for innovation, it is less clear if these policies are effective.

This report analyses the current trends in international investment in innovation and the attractiveness policies already implemented. These are often based on the more traditional instruments for attracting international investment. The book also explores in more detail the role of investment incentives that governments tend to give to international investors: their rationale, their impact and their usefulness.

The evidence presented in this report raises clear policy issues and questions existing policies. A number of policy principles are formulated to guide policy makers.

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Policy principles for attracting international investment

Governments seek a coherent and efficient strategy based on the right mix of policies reflecting the simultaneous importance of several location factors and in direct relation to the characteristics of the host country. To attract international investments in innovation, governments need to implement a broad, horizontal strategy including close co-ordination/integration of innovation policy and inward investment promotion policies. Careful attention has to be paid to direct incentive packages which may give rise to increasing policy competition between countries.

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