Asia-Pacific Population Journal

For over two decades, the Asia-Pacific Population Journal (APPJ) has been taking the pulse of population and social issues unfolding in the region. Published by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), APPJ brings out high quality, evidence-based and forward-looking articles relevant for population policies and programmes in Asia and the Pacific. Prominent population experts, award-winning demographers, as well as lesser known researchers have been contributing articles, documenting over the years the evolution of thinking in this important sphere.


Will bangladesh seize or squander the economic opportunity offered by the demographic dividend?

Bangladesh experienced a significant reduction in fertility and mortality during the last three decades of the twentieth century, leading to a drastic change in the population structure. To date, the number of persons in productive ages by far exceeds the number in dependent ages. This creates a one-time opportunity to boost economic growth. The present paper examines the extent to which Bangladesh has taken advantage of this window of opportunity. It also identifies remaining challenges to exploiting this opportunity to further increase economic growth and development. The paper concludes that in order to reap benefits from this window of opportunity, Bangladesh must make critical investments in its human capital base, as well as improve infrastructure and the overall investment climate.


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