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Timing of High-level Waste Disposal

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This study identifies key factors influencing the timing of high-level waste (HLW) disposal and examines how social acceptability, technical soundness, environmental responsibility and economic feasibility impact on national strategies for HLW management and disposal. Based on case study analyses, it also presents the strategic approaches adopted in a number of national policies to address public concerns and civil society requirements regarding long-term stewardship of high-level radioactive waste. The findings and conclusions of the study confirm the importance of informing all stakeholders and involving them in the decision-making process in order to implement HLW disposal strategies successfully.

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Assessment of Factors

Nuclear Energy Agency

There is a large range of technical factors [40] which need research activities and optimisation before operation of a repository for HLW can start. Some countries, e.g. France and Sweden, are already well advanced in demonstrating the technical feasibility of HLW disposal. By contrast, virtually no government-funded R&D on HLW has been carried out in some other countries for over twenty years. The research and optimisation work might differ in different countries based on the chosen strategy, timeframes and national organisational framework.

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