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Strategic and Policy Issues Raised by the Transition from Thermal to Fast Nuclear Systems

image of Strategic and Policy Issues Raised by the Transition from Thermal to Fast Nuclear Systems

The renewed interest in nuclear energy triggered by concerns about global climate change and security of supply could lead to substantial growth in nuclear electricity generation and expanded interest in fast neutron reactors with closed fuel cycles. Moving from the current fleet of thermal neutron reactors to fast neutron systems will require many decades and extensive RD&D efforts. This book identifies and analyses key strategic and policy issues raised by such a transition, and provides guidance to decision makers on the best approaches for implementing transition scenarios.

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Executive Summary

Nuclear Energy Agency

This study on transitioning from thermal to fast neutron nuclear systems was carried out under the auspices of the Committee for Technical and Economic Studies on Nuclear Development and the Fuel Cycle (NDC). It benefitted from previous and ongoing activities on scientific and technical aspects of transition scenarios undertaken under the leadership of the Nuclear Science Committee. Its main objectives were to provide insights on strategic and policy issues raised by the transition, and to draw findings, conclusions and recommendations for consideration by decision makers on the opportunities and challenges associated with the introduction of fast neutron systems in a fleet of thermal neutron reactors.

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