1887

Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste

Evolution and Current Practice in Thirteen Countries

image of Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste

National radioactive waste management programmes are in various phases of siting facilities and rely on distinct technical approaches for different categories of waste. In all cases, it is necessary for institutional actors and the potential or actual host community to build a meaningful, workable relationship. Partnership approaches are effective in achieving a balance between the requirements of fair representation and competent participation. With host community support, they also help ensure the desirable combination of a licensable site and management concept as well as a balance between compensation, local control and development opportunities. This report provides up-to-date information on experience with local partnership arrangements in 13 countries. The characteristics, advantages and aims of community partnerships are also described in addition to the concept's evolution over the past decade.

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Sweden

Nuclear Energy Agency

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) is responsible for identifying a site for and building a geological repository for the spent nuclear fuel in the country. SKB has used a staged, volunteer process to identify potential sites since the beginning of the 1990s. The initial phase involved feasibility studies at eight sites. Two sites were then selected for site investigations to identify whether they are suitable for implementing a repository. The site investigations started in 2002 and ended in 2007. SKB plans to announce their site selection in the summer of 2009. For many years, the two main regulators involved in the process were the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) and the Swedish Radiation Protection Authority (SSI). However, on 1 July 2008 these two authorities were merged into a new authority, the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM).

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