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Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste

Evolution and Current Practice in Thirteen Countries

image of Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste

National radioactive waste management programmes are in various phases of siting facilities and rely on distinct technical approaches for different categories of waste. In all cases, it is necessary for institutional actors and the potential or actual host community to build a meaningful, workable relationship. Partnership approaches are effective in achieving a balance between the requirements of fair representation and competent participation. With host community support, they also help ensure the desirable combination of a licensable site and management concept as well as a balance between compensation, local control and development opportunities. This report provides up-to-date information on experience with local partnership arrangements in 13 countries. The characteristics, advantages and aims of community partnerships are also described in addition to the concept's evolution over the past decade.

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Hungary

Nuclear Energy Agency

Hungary has had nuclear activities since the early 1960s. The four reactor units of Paks Nuclear Power Plant (Hungary’s only commercial NPP) commissioned between 1982 and 1987 form the most significant waste source today. Two research and training reactors also contribute to the generation of spent fuel. In each case, fuel waste is temporarily stored on the respective site. Finally, about 2 000 institutions using radioactive isotopes contribute to waste production.

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