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Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste

Evolution and Current Practice in Thirteen Countries

image of Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste

National radioactive waste management programmes are in various phases of siting facilities and rely on distinct technical approaches for different categories of waste. In all cases, it is necessary for institutional actors and the potential or actual host community to build a meaningful, workable relationship. Partnership approaches are effective in achieving a balance between the requirements of fair representation and competent participation. With host community support, they also help ensure the desirable combination of a licensable site and management concept as well as a balance between compensation, local control and development opportunities. This report provides up-to-date information on experience with local partnership arrangements in 13 countries. The characteristics, advantages and aims of community partnerships are also described in addition to the concept's evolution over the past decade.

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France

Nuclear Energy Agency

The waste management organisation in France is ANDRA, the national radioactive waste management agency. It was established as a commercial and industrial public body under the provisions of the Waste Act of 30 December 1991.22 This Act was integrated in the Environment Code, which was then updated by the 28 June 2006 Planning Act on the Sustainable Management of Radioactive Materials and Waste.23 ANDRA operates near-surface disposal facilities for low- and short-lived intermediate-level waste at Centre de la Manche (now closed and not considered further here) and at Centre de l’Aube; in addition it operates the very low-level waste (VLLW) disposal facility at Morvilliers (near Centre de l’Aube) and is investigating the Bure “transposition zone” for a potential deep geological repository as part of its research on the long-term management of high-level waste (HLW) and long-lived intermediate-level radioactive wastes [17].

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