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Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste

Evolution and Current Practice in Thirteen Countries

image of Partnering for Long-Term Management of Radioactive Waste

National radioactive waste management programmes are in various phases of siting facilities and rely on distinct technical approaches for different categories of waste. In all cases, it is necessary for institutional actors and the potential or actual host community to build a meaningful, workable relationship. Partnership approaches are effective in achieving a balance between the requirements of fair representation and competent participation. With host community support, they also help ensure the desirable combination of a licensable site and management concept as well as a balance between compensation, local control and development opportunities. This report provides up-to-date information on experience with local partnership arrangements in 13 countries. The characteristics, advantages and aims of community partnerships are also described in addition to the concept's evolution over the past decade.

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Belgium

Nuclear Energy Agency

A partnership approach has been put in place in Belgium to develop proposals for facilities for the long-term management of low-level and short-lived intermediate-level waste (LILW) [18]. This means that the local community is directly involved in developing both the facility design and a socioeconomic package for their area. Initially, three such partnerships were set up, leading eventually to two neighbouring municipalities (Dessel and Mol in the province of Antwerp – Flanders region) expressing an interest in hosting a repository facility. In June 2006, the Federal government decided on surface disposal in Dessel as the final destination for Belgian short-lived LILW. Since that decision, the remaining partnerships (STORA in Dessel and MONA in Mol) have both been closely involved in the development of the integrated repository project.

The following sections outline some of the main elements characterising the partnerships.

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