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Nuclear Production of Hydrogen

Fourth Information Exchange Meeting, Oakbrook, Illinois, USA , 14-16 April 2009

image of Nuclear Production of Hydrogen

Hydrogen has the potential to play an important role as a sustainable and environmentally acceptable energy carrier in the 21st century. This report describes the scientific and technical challenges associated with the production of hydrogen using heat and/or electricity from nuclear power plants, with special emphasis on recent developments in high-temperature electrolysis and the use of different chemical thermodynamic processes. Economics and market analysis as well as safety aspects of the nuclear production of hydrogen are also discussed.

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Materials development for SOEC

Nuclear Energy Agency

Emphasis on energy security issues has brought much-needed attention to economic production of hydrogen as the secondary energy carrier for non-electrical markets as well as to meet increasing demand for crude upgrading and desulphurisation. While steam reforming of methane is the current method of production of hydrogen, the fossil fuel feed consumes non-renewable fuel while emitting greenhouse gases. Thus, in the long run, efficient, environmentally-friendly and economic means of hydrogen production using nuclear and renewable energy needs to be developed. Steam electrolysis, particularly using high temperature ceramic membrane processes, provides an attractive option for efficient generation of high purity hydrogen.

English

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