Nuclear Production of Hydrogen

Fourth Information Exchange Meeting, Oakbrook, Illinois, USA , 14-16 April 2009

image of Nuclear Production of Hydrogen

Hydrogen has the potential to play an important role as a sustainable and environmentally acceptable energy carrier in the 21st century. This report describes the scientific and technical challenges associated with the production of hydrogen using heat and/or electricity from nuclear power plants, with special emphasis on recent developments in high-temperature electrolysis and the use of different chemical thermodynamic processes. Economics and market analysis as well as safety aspects of the nuclear production of hydrogen are also discussed.



Conceptual design of the HTTR-IS nuclear hydrogen production system

Detection of the heat transfer tube rupture in intermediate heat exchanger

Nuclear Energy Agency

One of the key safety issues for nuclear hydrogen production is the heat transfer tube rupture in intermediated heat exchangers (IHX) which provide heat to process heat applications. This study focused on the detection method and system behaviour assessments during the IHX tube rupture scenario (IHXTR) in the HTTR coupled with IS process hydrogen production system (HTTR-IS system). The results indicate that monitoring the integral of secondary helium gas supply would be the most effective detection method. Furthermore, simultaneous actuation of two isolation valves could reduce the helium gas transportation from primary to secondary cooling systems. The results of system behaviour show that evaluation items do not exceed the acceptance criteria during the scenario. Maximum fuel temperature also does not exceed initial value and therefore the reactor core was not seriously damaged and cooled sufficiently.


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