Nuclear Energy Outlook 2008

image of Nuclear Energy Outlook 2008
World energy demand continues to grow unabated and is leading to very serious concerns about security of supply, soaring energy prices and climate change stemming from fossil fuel consumption. Nuclear energy is being increasingly seen as having a role to play in addressing these concerns. Responding to renewed interest in nuclear energy, this Nuclear Energy Outlook uses the most current data and statistics available and provides projections up to 2050 to consider growth scenarios and potential implications on the future use of nuclear energy. It also offers unique analyses and recommendations on the possible challenges that lie ahead. Topics covered by the NEO include nuclear power’s current status and projected trends, environmental impacts, uranium resources and security of supply, costs, safety and regulation, radioactive waste management and decommissioning, non-proliferation and security, legal frameworks, infrastructure, stakeholder engagement, advanced reactors and advanced fuel cycles.

English Also available in: French

Radioactive Waste Management and Decommissioning

Nuclear Energy Agency

Radioactive waste is generated at each stage of the nuclear fuel cycle, which comprises mining and milling of uranium ore, uranium conversion and enrichment, fuel fabrication, the operation of nuclear reactors, the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel (where this is undertaken), the decommissioning of nuclear power plants and the associated fuel cycle facilities, and the clean-up of sites. The great majority of the radioactivity produced during the nuclear fuel cycle is contained in the spent fuel. 


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