Nuclear Energy Outlook 2008

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World energy demand continues to grow unabated and is leading to very serious concerns about security of supply, soaring energy prices and climate change stemming from fossil fuel consumption. Nuclear energy is being increasingly seen as having a role to play in addressing these concerns. Responding to renewed interest in nuclear energy, this Nuclear Energy Outlook uses the most current data and statistics available and provides projections up to 2050 to consider growth scenarios and potential implications on the future use of nuclear energy. It also offers unique analyses and recommendations on the possible challenges that lie ahead. Topics covered by the NEO include nuclear power’s current status and projected trends, environmental impacts, uranium resources and security of supply, costs, safety and regulation, radioactive waste management and decommissioning, non-proliferation and security, legal frameworks, infrastructure, stakeholder engagement, advanced reactors and advanced fuel cycles.

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Non-proliferation and Security

Nuclear Energy Agency

The peaceful uses of nuclear energy provide significant benefits at both national and international levels. Yet preventing weapons proliferation while allowing for the development of civil nuclear power programmes has always presented a challenge to the international community. The desire to prevent weapons proliferation is obvious in light of their destructive potential, but as long as a link between civilian and military uses of nuclear technology cannot be effectively and permanently severed and given the anticipated expansion of nuclear power generation in the near and medium terms, nuclear weapons proliferation will likely remain a key issue. 


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