Nuclear Energy Outlook 2008

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World energy demand continues to grow unabated and is leading to very serious concerns about security of supply, soaring energy prices and climate change stemming from fossil fuel consumption. Nuclear energy is being increasingly seen as having a role to play in addressing these concerns. Responding to renewed interest in nuclear energy, this Nuclear Energy Outlook uses the most current data and statistics available and provides projections up to 2050 to consider growth scenarios and potential implications on the future use of nuclear energy. It also offers unique analyses and recommendations on the possible challenges that lie ahead. Topics covered by the NEO include nuclear power’s current status and projected trends, environmental impacts, uranium resources and security of supply, costs, safety and regulation, radioactive waste management and decommissioning, non-proliferation and security, legal frameworks, infrastructure, stakeholder engagement, advanced reactors and advanced fuel cycles.

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Environmental Impacts of Energy Use and Power Production

Nuclear Energy Agency

Basic human well-being depends on the availability of energy for domestic heating and cooking. In addition, industrialisation of society has depended on access to large supplies of energy for manufacturing, transport and intensive agriculture. Industrial growth has also been accompanied by population growth, primarily due to increasing longevity and the enhanced ability of an industrial society to provide for a larger population, although the population of industrialised countries tends to stabilise when birth rates fall in response to decreased infant mortality. Nevertheless, population growth and industrialisation have together driven dramatic increases in energy demand. 


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