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Nuclear Energy Outlook 2008

image of Nuclear Energy Outlook 2008
World energy demand continues to grow unabated and is leading to very serious concerns about security of supply, soaring energy prices and climate change stemming from fossil fuel consumption. Nuclear energy is being increasingly seen as having a role to play in addressing these concerns. Responding to renewed interest in nuclear energy, this Nuclear Energy Outlook uses the most current data and statistics available and provides projections up to 2050 to consider growth scenarios and potential implications on the future use of nuclear energy. It also offers unique analyses and recommendations on the possible challenges that lie ahead. Topics covered by the NEO include nuclear power’s current status and projected trends, environmental impacts, uranium resources and security of supply, costs, safety and regulation, radioactive waste management and decommissioning, non-proliferation and security, legal frameworks, infrastructure, stakeholder engagement, advanced reactors and advanced fuel cycles.

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Advanced Reactors

Nuclear Energy Agency

Advanced reactors are those in Generations III, III+ and IV. To explain what this means, this chapter first classifies nuclear reactors by generation, then presents an overview of the Generation III and III+ systems (some of which are already operational or under construction) that are expected to be the cornerstone of nuclear electricity production for the next 50 years. There is extensive international co-operation to develop Generation IV systems, expected to be available from 2030, to enable expanded use of carbon-free nuclear energy, while strengthening physical protection and proliferation resistance. These initiatives are discussed in Section 13.4. 

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