Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Radioactive Waste Management

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This study analyses a range of advanced nuclear fuel cycle options from the perspective of their effect on radioactive waste management policies. It presents various fuel cycle options which illustrate differences between alternative technologies, but does not purport to cover all foreseeable future fuel cycles. The analysis extends the work carried out in previous studies, assesses the fuel cycles as a whole, including all radioactive waste generated at each step of the cycles, and covers high-level waste repository performance for the different fuel cycles considered.

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Fuel Cycles

Nuclear Energy Agency

The long-term goal of sustainable, “radiologically clean” nuclear energy systems is an important driver for the development of advanced fuel cycles. The goal may be approached in successive steps with emphasis, first, on an improved management of the plutonium and, then, on an additional management of the minor actinides neptunium, americium and curium by integrating P&T technologies in the fuel cycle.

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