ESCWA Water Development Report 6

The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus in the Arab Region

image of ESCWA Water Development Report 6
This sixth issue of the ESCWA Water Development Report offers an analytical framework and a series of case studies for understanding the water-energy-food security nexus in the Arab region. The analytical framework considers the inter-linkages that affect the achievement of water security, energy security and food security through the lens of sustainable development and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals with a view to climate change and ensuring access to food, water and sustainable energy for all through a human rights approach to sustainable development.



Water and energy for food security

This chapter explores the interlinkages between food security and the water and energy sectors from a nexus perspective. It discusses the dependency of the agriculture sector on the limited water resources in the Arab region along with the high energy requirements needed for water pumping and fertilizer production. It further reviews available technological options in the agriculture sector and focuses on how efficiency improvements can lead to increased water and energy security. It finally examines the concept of virtual water trade and investments abroad in relation to increased food security.


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