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ESCWA Water Development Report 5

Issues in sustainable water resources management and water services in the Arab region

image of ESCWA Water Development Report 5

The Arab Ministerial Water Council (AMWC) took the initiative to establish a regional monitoring mechanism for water and sanitation services that builds upon indicators globally monitored under the UNICEF-WHO Joint Monitoring Program (JMP), and tasked ESCWA to lead its development and implementation. This regional initiative coincides in time, and reflects in context, the recent resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly and the Human Rights Council declaring the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right. This development will in turn influence the orientation of the anticipated water and sanitation target that will be included in the post-2015 development agenda based on the Rio+20 outcome document, “The Future We Want.”

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Progress made towards achieving the water and sanitation MDG in the Arab region

The aim of this chapter is to present the overall progress that has been achieved by Arab countries towards the water and sanitation MDG target. The analysis presented in this chapter is based on the latest JMP 2011 data set released in March 2013. Given that the JMP 2013 update does not report on access to water sources and sanitation facilities in a fully disaggregated manner, additional information is also provided in an effort to complete the picture of progress made in Arab countries, namely: access to “public standpipe” and “tanker truck” water sources, and access to toilets that are connected to “piped sewer systems”. By highlighting some specificities of the Arab region, it becomes apparent of the need for additional serviceoriented indicators to complement JMP basic indicators and to clarify the level and quality of water and sanitation services. This is discussed in the later sections of the chapter.

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