Analysis of National Case Studies on Policy Reforms to Promote Energy Efficiency Investments

Synthesis Report Based on Case Studies from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, China, Croatia, Egypt, Georgia, Kuwait, Montenegro, Morocco, South Africa, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, Zambia

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This publication aims to identify existing barriers to energy efficiency policy implementation and to provide recommendations to policymakers for reforms that can support market formation and foster favourable climate for investments in energy efficiency. It develops a benchmark that should serve as a reference point for policymakers and energy experts working in the field of energy efficiency. This benchmark is a synthesis of policy incentives that should be in place in order to stimulate and ensure successful energy efficiency policy outcomes. The desired policies are divided into three groups: 1) legal, institutional and regulatory; 2) economic and financial; and 3) socio-political. A set of these policies in place at a sufficient degree in a particular country is a basis for successful formulation and implementation of energy efficiency policies and related projects.



Comparative analysis of reviewed case studies regarding their current status with respect to the established benchmark

The analysis of the case studies has shown that all considered countries are dealing with energy efficiency issues to some extent. However, the maturity level of energy efficiency policy varies from country to country and from region to region. Some countries have significantly moved forward towards establishing energy efficient structure of the economy through creating necessary conditions, such as developing institutional base, introducing appropriate laws and regulations, creating financial incentives for attracting investments from national and international sources as well as introducing social policies conducive to increasing energy efficiency and energy savings among general public. At the same time, other countries fail significantly to meet conditions of achieving the benchmark level.


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