International migration policies

Government views and priorities

image of International migration policies
This report provides an overview of Government views and policies on international migration for 196 countries, including all 193 Member States, and three non-member States of the United Nations. The report describes Government views and policy intentions related to immigration and emigration, and how these have evolved over time with changing international migration patterns.



Emigration policies

Emigration generates both opportunities and challenges for sending countries, especially in less developed regions. On the one hand, concerns have often been raised about the loss of human resources, including highly skilled workers, the so-called “brain drain”, which may hinder development in countries of origin. On the other hand, some countries in less developed regions view emigration as a strategy to boost development, not only from remittances or through alleviation of labour market pressures, but also by recognizing that their diaspora can contribute to development through financial investments in home countries, as well as through transfer of knowledge and skills (Global Migration Group, 2010).


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