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Challenges and Opportunities for Trade and Financial Integration in Asia and the Pacific

image of Challenges and Opportunities for Trade and Financial Integration in Asia and the Pacific
This book brings together chapters that explore various aspects of trade and financial integration in Asia and the Pacific, the reasons for the lack of it, and potential benefits of strengthening such integration. The book focuses on the exploration of challenges and opportunities that exist in intraregional trade in goods, integration in services trade, availability of trade finance as well as inflows of portfolio investments. The papers have been written by researchers who have applied their extensive expertise and analytical skills to studying the impacts of regional trade liberalization and motivation for financial flows.

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Crisis reinforces need for stronger trade and financial integration in Asia and the Pacific

The Asian economies have become an epitome of “trade as an engine of growth” during the past several decades as they have been expanding economic and human development, using trade as a ladder. Most of the economies have become highly integrated into the world economy, either through direct export and import or by becoming an important link in the global supply chain. However, when demand for their production and exports plunged suddenly and sharply in the last quarter of 2008, a sharp contraction in trade flows put their growth and social security under serious threat. On such occasions, issues of dependency on external markets, foreign exchange, foreign direct investment (FDI) and technology rise to the surface and chosen development strategies get reviewed. In Asia and the Pacific, this is accompanied by the concerns about the inability of the region’s economies to enhance and deepen their regional integration. Expectedly, the latest crisis has accentuated the concerns about low levels of existing intraregional trade and investments as well as underdeveloped financial integration in Asia and the Pacific.

English

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