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Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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United Kingdom

In 2005, the UK tourism industry was estimated to have generated GBP 85 billion for the UK economy, with 80% coming from the domestic tourism market. 2003 data suggest that tourism contributes 3.3% to national gross value added. In 2006, overseas residents made an estimated 32 million visits to the UK, generating expenditure of approximately GBP 15 billion. In 2004, there were 1.4 million people directly employed in tourism (44% in restaurants, bars and canteens and 16% in tourist accommodation) with more employed indirectly, equal to 5% of all employment in the UK. In 2004 also, there were an estimated 180 000 businesses in tourism industries.

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