Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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According to the Portuguese Tourism Satellite Account (PTSA), tourism contributed 4.6% to GDP in 2004, and 4.6% of gross value added. Tourism characteristic activities represented around 88.8 % of that value. Tourism’s share of domestic production in that year was 4.2%, while internal tourism consumption represented 9.3% of GDP or around 50% of this aggregate. The PTSA estimates that employment in tourism-characteristic industries represented around 7.8% of total employment in 2004 (or 8% if full-time equivalent jobs are counted). The activities contributing most to employment in the sector in terms of FTE are restaurants (with 54.5% of total FTE in the TSA characteristic activities), hotels and similar establishments (15.3%) and road passenger transport (9.8%).

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