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Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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Greece

According to recent assessments the contribution of tourism (direct and indirect impact) to the Greek economy represents 18.2% of GDP. The “hotels and restaurants” sector represents half of tourism activities and directly contributes 10.4% to GDP. In 2005, the average tourist expenditure per capita was USD 1.073, placing Greece in 10th position worldwide. Taking into account international tourist receipts, which in 2005 totalled EUR 11 billion, this is the equivalent of EUR 1 200 for each resident, placing Greece in fifth position in world tourism by this measure.

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