Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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Tourism (domestic and international) contributes just over 2% to Canada’s GDP and accounts for 3.8% of national employment (Table 3.16). The sector’s contribution to both these measures has remained broadly stable over the past five years. In 2006, Canada’s most important international market, the United States, which accounts for 86% of all inbound visitors, is in decline. Overall arrivals from the United States declined by 8.8% in 2006, falling below 30 million for the first time since record keeping started in 1972. The first half of 2007 has also shown decreases in arrivals. A high proportion of international visitors (50%) come to Canada for leisure purposes (including outdoor activities and sports), followed by visiting friends and relatives (18%), with business (including convention and employment) in third place (10%).

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