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Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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Austria

According to Tourism Satellite Accounting methods, the direct value-added effects of tourism in 2006 were of the order of EUR 16.5 billion, 6.4% of GDP. In 2006, 168 000 people (2005: 164 100) were employed in hotels, restaurants and similar establishments, 5.1% of total national employment. Of the total, around 60% were females. In 2006, the number of international tourist arrivals was 20.3 million, a 1.5% rise on 2005, while domestic arrivals totalled 9.87 million, 5.2% up on 2005. Overnight stays amounted to 119.4 million, just 0.1% up on 2005. Tourism receipts from foreign visitors in 2006 were EUR 13.3 billion (excl. fare receipts), 2.7% up on the previous year. Tourism accounts for more than one third (Table 3.7) of Austria’s total exports of services. (Despite an 3.0% rise in Austrians’ tourism expenditure abroad in 2006, Austria maintains a strong positive balance on the tourism account of EUR 5.8 billion.) Although Austria’s leading origin market, Germany, has been in decline recently, smaller markets, particularly those in Central and Eastern Europe, have grown.

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