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Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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Australia

In 2005-06, tourism generated about AUD 37.7 billion (approximately 3.9% of Australia’s total GDP), an increase of 5.5% on the previous year. However, since the Australian economy as a whole grew at a faster rate, this resulted in a decrease in tourism’s share of GDP from 4.0% in 2004-05 to 3.9% in 2005-06. In 2005-06, the tourism industry employed around 464 500 people; approximately 4.6% of total employment. Domestic tourism represents approximately three quarters of all tourism consumption. Overall domestic tourism expenditure grew by 5.7% in 2006. The number of domestic trips also increased by 4.0% and the number of domestic visitor nights by 3.6%. In 2006, there were 5.5 million foreign visitor arrivals, an increase of 0.6% on 2005 (Table 3.1). International visitors spent AUD 14.0 billion while in Australia, up 14.7% (or by AUD 1.8 billion). Key foreign markets for Australia in 2006 were New Zealand (1.1 million, down 2.1% on 2005), the UK (734 000 arrivals, up 3.6%), Japan (651 000 arrivals, down 5.0%), the US (456 000 arrivals, up 2.2%), and China (309 000 arrivals, up 8.3%).

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