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Start-up Latin America

Promoting Innovation in the Region

image of Start-up Latin America

This report reviews the policy mix to support knowledge-based start-ups in six countries in Latin America, including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. It discusses role of public policies in supporting the creation of start-ups, it presents an overview of the rationale and scope of state intervention and it summarises the experience of OECD countries, focusing on Australia, Finland and Israel. The report provides a comparative assessment of the experience of the six Latin American countries. Following the literature and the experience of countries it develops a taxonomy of instruments targeted to promote entrepreneurship and it compares the policy mix available in the different countries in Latin America. It also identifies recommendations to improve the policy framework for start-up promotion in Latin America. Country notes are available for each of the six studied countries. The report has been elaborated in the framework of the Development Centre's policy dialogue on innovation policies in Latin America.

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Introduction

OECD Development Centre

Innovation and the capacity to introduce new products, processes, services and business models are recognised to be increasingly relevant to sustaining productivity and gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the medium and long term. Start-ups can help boost innovation in the economy and vitalise productivity (OECD, 2005, 2010a and 2010b; Stangler, 2010; Endeavor and GEM, 2011; INNOGrips, 2011). The most advanced countries show a strong correlation between a solid base of innovative entrepreneurs, greater leverage of the scientific and technological base, and productivity growth (OECD, 2005).

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