1887

Pharmaceuticals and additives in personal care products as environmental pollutants

Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland

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The application of pharmaceuticals and personal care products is substantial in industrialized and high-income north-western European societies. Faroe Island, Iceland and Greenland are part of this modern society, although some areas are more suffused by technology and modern living than others. This also pertains to the standards of the local solutions for waste water treatment systems, but not so much to the health services. The present report summarises the results of screening analyses of pharmaceuticals and additives in personal care products in presumed hotspots in Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland. The study focuses on sewage lines from households and industry in general, and from hospitals. In all 38 pharmaceuticals or metabolites of pharmaceuticals and 7 personal care products were analysed.

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Preface

Recently, a plan emerged to prepare an overview report of the present knowledge of pharmaceuticals and compounds used in personal care products in the Nordic Countries. It turned out however, that such an overview report would be more or less void on information for the area west of Norway, as only sporadic information was available on such compounds in Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland. Experience from earlier studies in Faroe Islands and Iceland on “new” contaminants (www.nordicscreening.org) indicated that local pollution could not be ruled out, but explicit data were lacking. Thus, it was decided to try to fill this knowledge-gap in a co-operative effort, and with leverage from experts in Scandinavia. The present report describes the result of this cooperation; a first snap-shot of the environmental concentrations of pharmaceuticals and compounds used in personal care products in hotspot areas in Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland.

English

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