OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook 2019

image of OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook 2019

The new OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook presents the latest trends in performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and provides a comprehensive overview of business conditions and policy frameworks for SMEs and entrepreneurs.

This year’s edition provides comparative evidence on business dynamism, productivity growth, wage gaps and export trends by firm size across OECD countries and emerging economies. It explores the implications of digitalisation and globalisation for market conditions and SME access to strategic resources such as finance, skills, technology, data and other innovation assets. The report gives comparative analysis of regulatory frameworks and policies to enhance contributions by SMEs and entrepreneurs, and delivers a forward-looking perspective on the opportunities and challenges SMEs and entrepreneurs face in doing business and scaling up their activities. It also contains country profiles outlining the latest developments in national SME performance and business conditions, with expanded country profiles available on line.




Efficient network and innovation infrastructure are key pillars of business environment. Their accessibility, reliability and affordability are particularly critical for SMEs to compete in just-in-time and knowledge-intensive production systems, to raise their business profile and to scale up internal capacity. Yet, smaller firms are at disadvantage in accessing this infrastructure. They also weather infrastructure deficiencies less well than larger firms. This chapter presents recent developments in transport, energy, digital and R&D infrastructure across the OECD and emerging economies. It explains how network infrastructure has gained in reach, speed and sophistication, how global R&D capacity has grown, more concentrated but more open, and how these changes can affect future SME performance. The report also examines issues relevant to SME business, including increased network interdependency and cybersecurity, 5G deployment and technology adoption, micro-grids and energy decentralisation, shared mobility and the automation of transport systems. The chapter concludes with the main policy approaches adopted in countries to upgrade infrastructure, e.g. by addressing the investment gap, better co-ordinating multi-level government efforts, building smart cities and strategic public-private partnerships, or strengthening international co-operation, and to promote SME access to tomorrow’s infrastructure.



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