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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002

Science and technology increasingly contribute to economic growth, industrial competitiveness and the realisation of societal objectives. As countries continue the transition to knowledge-based economies, policy makers seek effective ways to improve the ability to create, absorb, diffuse and apply knowledge productively, by stimulating business investments in research and development, reforming science systems and their links to industry, promoting the development of human resources and stimulating competition and industrial restructuring.

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002informs policy making by providing a broad, integrated assessment of these important issues. In addition to reviewing recent trends, the report identifies significant changes in science, technology and industry policies in the OECD countries. Special chapters examine emerging issues related to changing business strategies for R&D, competition and co-operation in the innovation process, reforming national science systems, strategic use of intellectual property rights in public research institutions, industrial globalisation and international mobility of scientists and engineers. Following the granting to China of observer status to the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy, a special chapter is devoted to this country’s challenges in the area of scientific and technological policy. A statistical annex provides up-to-date indicators related to science, technology and industry.

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Recent Developments in Science, Technology and Industry Policies in OECD Countries

This chapter focuses on changes introduced over a two-year period; it does not comprehensively map major trends across the OECD region. Several countries introduced legislation that will not be implemented until a later date; others are continuing along a path of reform laid out in a multi-year plan of several years ago. Nevertheless, the chapter shows that most OECD countries see an increasing role for science, technology and innovation as essential to continued economic and social progress. Governments have committed to strengthening their role in promoting S&T and innovation and have introduced a variety of initiatives and policy measures. They have also recognised the importance of strong linkages among actors in national innovation systems.

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