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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002

Science and technology increasingly contribute to economic growth, industrial competitiveness and the realisation of societal objectives. As countries continue the transition to knowledge-based economies, policy makers seek effective ways to improve the ability to create, absorb, diffuse and apply knowledge productively, by stimulating business investments in research and development, reforming science systems and their links to industry, promoting the development of human resources and stimulating competition and industrial restructuring.

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002informs policy making by providing a broad, integrated assessment of these important issues. In addition to reviewing recent trends, the report identifies significant changes in science, technology and industry policies in the OECD countries. Special chapters examine emerging issues related to changing business strategies for R&D, competition and co-operation in the innovation process, reforming national science systems, strategic use of intellectual property rights in public research institutions, industrial globalisation and international mobility of scientists and engineers. Following the granting to China of observer status to the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy, a special chapter is devoted to this country’s challenges in the area of scientific and technological policy. A statistical annex provides up-to-date indicators related to science, technology and industry.

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Changing Government Policies for Public Research

From Financing Basic Research to Governing the Science System

This chapter sets out the issues involved in governing the science system and explains why the issue is no longer viewed simply in terms of financing basic research. It outlines the main trends exerting pressures for reform on the science system and reviews statistical trends in the funding and performance of public-sector R&D. It then describes key issues faced by policy makers and reviews some reforms being adopted by the OECD member governments to address them. Many of these reforms are new, and countries continue to experiment with new ways of governing the science system. Considerable evaluation will be needed before the effects of these changes on the science system can be determined. While recommendations for further reforms cannot be made, areas for future consideration are identified.

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