Job Creation and Local Economic Development

image of Job Creation and Local Economic Development

This publication highlights new evidence on policies to support job creation, bringing together the latest research on labour market, entrepreneurship and local economic development policy to help governments support job creation in the recovery. It  also includes  a set of country pages featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of smaller OECD regions (TL3).

This publication is the first in a series to take this integrative approach, and it is designed to be user friendly and accessible to all government officials, academics, practitioners and civil society with an interest in local economic development and job creation.

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Overcoming barriers to employment

In order for all to benefit from new jobs growth, interventions are required to overcome the multi-faceted barriers that some people confront to accessing employment. These barriers can be immediate (such as lack of childcare) and more entrenched (such as drugs and health problems). This chapter highlights cross-sector initiatives that have been put in place to tackle more entrenched issues, focusing on particular populations (such as recent immigrants) and particular places (such as areas of deprivation in cities). Employers are important partners, to make workplaces better adapted to people with particular needs, and to reduce discrimination. At a time of widespread government austerity, new sources of finance and new methods of service delivery may be needed to ensure that resource intensive and long-term support is still available to those that need it.

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