Job Creation and Local Economic Development

image of Job Creation and Local Economic Development

This publication highlights new evidence on policies to support job creation, bringing together the latest research on labour market, entrepreneurship and local economic development policy to help governments support job creation in the recovery. It  also includes  a set of country pages featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of smaller OECD regions (TL3).

This publication is the first in a series to take this integrative approach, and it is designed to be user friendly and accessible to all government officials, academics, practitioners and civil society with an interest in local economic development and job creation.

English Also available in: French


shows where conditions are ripe for quality job creation due to high skills supply and high skills demand across 47 prefectures in Japan. In 2010, 15 prefectures were in a “high skills equilibrium”, where a high supply of skills (the percentage of people with post-secondary education) is matched by a high skills demand (the percentage of medium and high skills occupations and GVA per worker). These places include the most populated prefectures of Tokyo, Kanagawa, Osaka and Aichi. Seventeen prefectures, including Hokkaido, Aomori and Okinawa can be found in a “low skills equilibrium” where low skills supply is matched by low skills demand. Seven prefectures showed skills deficit where skills demand exceeds supply, and nine prefectures showed skills surplus.



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