International Compendium of Entrepreneurship Policies

image of International Compendium of Entrepreneurship Policies

It is increasingly understood that entrepreneurship plays a critical role in economic growth and well-being. But which policies can governments develop to release its benefits? This publication offers guidance and inspiration.

It identifies the range of entrepreneurship policies being pursued internationally, the problems the policies seek to solve and how they are designed and implemented. The focus is on how to create a broad base of start-ups with the potential for sustainability and growth by building a pipeline of new entrepreneurs, supporting start-ups to overcome barriers in areas such as skills, finance and innovation and stimulating vibrant entrepreneurial ecosystems.

The publication examines the rationale for entrepreneurship policy, presents a typology of policy approaches and highlights principles for policy success. The points are illustrated by 16 case studies of inspiring practice policies from 12 OECD countries. These cases span policies for regulations and taxation, entrepreneurship education and training, advice and coaching, access to finance, internationalisation, innovation, and holistic packages for ecosystem building. Helpful summary tables guide readers to the information that will respond to their questions.

The publication will give readers an overview of key entrepreneurship policy interventions and tips on entrepreneurship policy success.


Case examples – Policies targeted directly at entrepreneurs

This chapter presents ten case studies illustrating policy approaches that provide direct support to entrepreneurs. Four initiatives relate to education and training (the Converge Challenge – United Kingdom) or information, advice, coaching and mentoring (the Growth Hubs Network – United Kingdom; the Regional Business Development Centres – Denmark; and the Siva Partner Incubators and Business Gardens – Norway). Four initiatives relate to access to finance (the Regional Co-investment Funds – Sweden; Cooperative Venturing – United States; LINC Scotland – United Kingdom; and the INVEST Grant for Venture Capital – Germany). Two initiatives relate to internationalisation (Startup Global USA – United States) or technology and innovation (the Canada Accelerator and Incubator programme – Canada). For each case study, the chapter provides an information table and a brief description of the programme and its objectives, rationale, linkages to other initiatives, monitoring and evaluation practices and results. The chapter also discusses challenges encountered and responses developed and highlights takeaways for other countries.


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